CARE OF PATIENT WITH PARKINSON’S DISEASE
Neurological diseases are a large group of diseases, to which many ailments of the elderly.
This is largely because our brain neurons are endowed with little or no possibilities of their own regeneration. With age, their function expires, the cerebral cortex disappears, which can directly translate into disruption of the patient’s intellectual performance. Neurological changes of the elderly are also Parkinson’s disease – a condition that affects almost 2% of people after the age of 80. Its influence on the functioning of seniors usually covers the physical sphere, but progressive disability also threatens the psychological and social life of patients. Many people who require constant or partial help from third parties suffer from Parkinson’s disease.
According to the definition of the World Health Organization, the goal of palliative care is the active, versatile and comprehensive care of terminal patients suffering from incurable, progressive diseases. Palliative care includes relieving the pain difficult to control and other somatic symptoms, alleviating mental, spiritual and social suffering as well as supporting the sick family during both illness and grief.
Dementia in the elderly care
Dementia of the elderly is a term that includes all types of dementia occurring in the elderly, regardless the reasons of formulation of the disease. The most common dementia occurring in seniors still remains Alzheimer’s disease, the development of which proceeds initially imperceptibly, even for the patient himself, and in subsequent stages disturbs important intellectual, cognitive and emotional functions, gradually eradicating the patient’s life. The duration of development of other senile dementia may be different and proceed more mildly than Alzheimer’s disease. Unfortunately, the final effect of all these diseases remains similar – the patient is more and more excluded from life, everyday activities, abandons his previous passions and activities. Almost every carer of an elderly person experiences dementia, only the way it shows and the degree of advancement can be different.
Depression in the elderly
In people over 65, depression more often can lead to suicide attempts. This is especially true for men. It is estimated that between 80 and 84 years of age, the risk of suicide is twice as high as that of the rest of society suffering from depression.
The aging of the society and the prolonging life span makes it worth considering the diseases that often accompany the evening of life. One of them is depression. According to the World Health Organization, this disease is in the fourth place among chronic and very serious disorders afflicting today’s society. It is forecast that in 2020 it may move to the second place. Right after heart disease.
The problem is very serious, because statistics clearly state that as many as 50% of people suffering from this disease do not undertake any treatment attempts. Although properly treated and diagnosed early, it can be cured.
Pressure ulcers in the elderly
Pressure ulcers are a problem that most caregivers of elderly people or bedridden patients come across. Contrary to popular opinion, the development of difficult-to-heal skin changes can occur within a few hours. Many factors leading to pressure sores, such as neurological disorders, impaired mobility or malnutrition are common in seniors. An unexpected illness causing a sudden drop in the patient’s activity and the need to stay in bed can easily leave permanent traces in the form of decubitus lesions on the patient’s skin. How to prevent pressure ulcers and how to deal with existing ones?